While not replacing doctors anytime soon, AI is diagnosing diseases like breast cancer or leukemia like a boss. And, as the machine learning is getting smarter day by day, soon it will predict how long you are going to live. Researchers from the University of Adelaide have developed an artificial intelligence system that can tell which patient will die within the next five years.
Analyzing image to predict lifespan
They used the deep learning algorithms to analyze medical imaging of the chests of 48 patients under age 60 and to predict whether they will die within five years with 69 percent accuracy. Albeit the scientists aren’t sure exactly what the computers were looking in the CT scans, by studying a large amount of data the AI can find out patterns and exceptions in a way doctors are unable to.
“Predicting the future of a patient is useful because it may enable doctors to tailor treatments to the individual,” lead author Dr. Luke Oakden-Rayner told the University of Adelaide.
Faster than human expert
They trained the AI system to study over 16,000 image features, which could look at signs of disease in those organs. Comparing to a human expert, who needs extensive training for that, machines have become expert at it surprisingly fast.
They showed the deep learning model to closely mirror predictions created by the expert. Patients with severe chronic diseases such as emphysema and congestive heart failure are those the artificial intelligence made the most confident predictions for.
“Our research opens new avenues for the application of artificial intelligence technology in medical image analysis, and could offer new hope for the early detection of serious illness, requiring specific medical interventions,” says Oakden-Rayner.
The target wasn’t to create a factious diagnostic system, and the deep learning system only analyzed backdated patient data. Soon, researchers are looking to develop artificial intelligence system, which can diagnose your overall system instead of just spotting a single disease. Also, they are suggesting more scans in order to improve the results of the future diagnosis system. Do you what that means? You might know it correct when you’re exactly going to die.